This flowchart made of machinery icons explains or expresses in simple but clear terms the step of the Copper Mining and Copper Extraction Process. Starting from either openpit or underground mining and using a different relevant treatment method for oxide or sulphide copper mineral (ore).
Openpit mining – General Overview Protect Ecuador ...
18 October, 2014
Openpit mining (also known as opencut mining or opencast mining) is a type of strip mining in which the ore deposit extends very deep in the ground, necessitating the removal of layer upon layer of overburden and ore.
Fig. 1, above shows an illustration of a Open Pit Surface Mine. The definition of a open pit mine is "an excavation or cut made at the surface of the ground for the purpose of extracting ore and which is open to the surface for the duration of the mine’s life."